Beyond the Shingles: Unveiling the Craft of Roofing

Roofers In South Jersey perform a variety of duties related to roofing construction and maintenance. Their responsibilities include inspecting, repairing and replacing roofs, laying shingles and other types of roofing materials, and providing customer service.


Roofers can work with a wide range of roofing materials, including asphalt shingles, metal, tile and cedarwood shakes. They may also install vapor barriers and insulation to create more energy-efficient homes.

Roofers install, repair, and replace the roofs of homes and buildings. They use a variety of tools and must be comfortable standing on ladders and scaffolding for long periods of time. This career is suited for detail-oriented workers who enjoy the challenge of working at high heights. Roofers can find work with general construction companies or may choose to operate as independent contractors.

A high school diploma is usually required for a job as a roofer. However, some people choose to attend trade school or participate in an apprenticeship program to learn the ropes. These programs combine on-the-job training with classroom instruction. Coursework often includes topics such as mechanical drawing, building and construction, math, and blueprint reading and writing.

Individuals in this career should be comfortable wearing protective clothing and working outdoors in all weather conditions. A hard hat and eye protection are essential to prevent injury from falling debris or dangerous materials. Gloves are important for protecting hands from cuts and scrapes, and thick-soled shoes help prevent slippage and provide traction on slippery or uneven surfaces.

Many state and local governments require roofers to hold a license before they begin work on residential or commercial structures. The requirements for a roofing license vary by location, but usually involve completing training, passing an exam, and providing proof of insurance.

A roofer’s responsibilities can include evaluating the condition of a building’s roof, measuring the area to be covered, and determining how much material is needed. Depending on the type of roof, he or she may also be responsible for installing insulation systems and vapor barriers. Additionally, roofers must be able to identify and repair leaks in the roof system. Some states, such as Nebraska, do not require roofers to have a license; however, municipalities may have licensing requirements. Those who want to become licensed roofers in Massachusetts must first register for a Home Improvement Contractor License and pass an examination. In addition, they must obtain a Construction Supervisor License if they plan on performing work on existing structures. The process for obtaining these licenses generally involves completing pre-licensure training, submitting application forms and fees, passing the exam, and providing proof of insurance.

Job Duties

Roofers perform installation and repair tasks on a variety of roofing materials. They inspect roofs for damage and deterioration and then make necessary repairs to ensure that buildings are protected from weather and other environmental factors. They may also construct and maintain rooftops for new construction projects. Some roofers specialize in specific types of roofing, such as shingle or metal roofs. Other roofers work on a wider scale, working on commercial or industrial buildings. The job duties of a roofer include inspecting a building for deterioration and leaks, installing or replacing shingles, flashing, gutters, skylights, and chimneys, and constructing or repairing ceilings and walls.

Some roofers also work in collaboration with other construction professionals on larger projects. This can involve coordinating with electricians, plumbers, and carpenters to coordinate schedules and communicate effectively with project managers. Other jobseekers may interact with customers, addressing their questions and concerns about roofing materials or techniques. These interactions require excellent customer service skills.

The responsibilities of roofers are often physically demanding, as they must frequently climb and walk up ladders and scaffolding to reach the various parts of a roof. They must also wear appropriate safety gear and follow strict safety protocols when working at heights. In addition, roofers must be able to complete detailed, labor-intensive tasks such as measuring, cutting, and shaping materials to prepare them for installation on the roof.

There are many different types of roofs, and roofers must be familiar with each type in order to properly install and repair them. For example, shingle roofers must know how to properly align and attach shingles in order to create a watertight seal. Other roofers may focus on specialized roofing systems, such as green roofs, which incorporate vegetation and contribute to environmental sustainability. Still others may work on more conventional roofing systems, such as tar or rubber roofs. Regardless of the specific types of roofing, all roofers must be proficient in reading blueprints and diagrams to understand how each part of a building’s roof is installed or repaired. They must also be familiar with a range of roofing tools, including power and hand tools.


Roofers need a strong sense of balance and coordination, the ability to work as part of a team, and the ability to follow directions closely. They also need physical strength and stamina, as their work can be strenuous. They must be comfortable working in unpleasant weather conditions and high above the ground. In addition, roofers need to have a good working knowledge of building construction and materials. They may be required to complete specific certification programs for roofing materials, such as asbestos.

In the state of Kansas, roofers are required to register with the attorney general to obtain a roofing contractor certificate. In order to be eligible for this registration, roofers must demonstrate that they have four years of journeyman-level experience, and pass both a trade exam and a business and law exam. They must also provide proof of insurance coverage with a minimum of $300,000 per occurrence for liability, and workers’ compensation for themselves and their employees.

Licensed roofers in the state of Alaska are required to hold a Residential Endorsement for their Specialty Contractor license, in addition to meeting experience, education and examination requirements. Applicants must submit an application, pay the applicable fees and provide documentation that includes exam results from an authorized testing provider, evidence of completion of the Alaska craftsman home program or its equivalent, and the name and license number of an approved General Contractor.

In the state of Massachusetts, roofers must possess a Home Improvement Registration or a Construction Supervisor License with the State Board of Building Regulations and Standards, depending on whether they work on new or existing structures. In addition, those who work with asbestos must obtain an additional accreditation with the Department of Labor and Workforce Development.


Roofers often get on-the-job training from experienced colleagues or in an apprenticeship program. This can take anywhere from a few months to a year, depending on the type of roofing and the individual employer. During the training period, apprentices learn how to use tools, equipment and machines necessary for roofing jobs. They also learn safety procedures and how to lay various types of roofing materials.

Once they have completed their on-the-job training, roofers are ready to work as independent roofers or with other construction professionals. They can also begin to work with clients, addressing their questions and concerns regarding roofing materials, techniques and maintenance. For this reason, good communication and customer service skills are important for roofers.

Depending on the location of the job, roofers may work on residential, commercial or industrial structures. Some specialize in working with a specific material or roofing system, such as metal roofs, flat roofs or shingle roofs. In general, roofers must be familiar with all the types of roofing materials used in the area they work.

All roofers must be able to complete a variety of tasks that require physical fitness and excellent hand-eye coordination. They must also be able to understand detailed technical plans and work well as part of a team. Those who are interested in becoming roofers can start by earning a high school diploma or equivalent and then attending a trade school or enrolling in an apprenticeship.

People who enjoy the work of a roofer tend to have the following personality traits: They are independent individuals, stable, persistent, genuine and practical. They enjoy a challenge and like to work with their hands. They are also good at communicating with others, judging their own and other’s performance, solving problems and making decisions. These individuals are also imaginative, creative, sensitive and introspective. Those who want to pursue careers as roofers should consider taking career tests that can help them determine if the occupation is a good fit. For example, the Holland Code assessment can help identify whether a person is suited to working as a roofer.